a formal written request to do something, such as having a claim accepted by a court This can result in many communications or applications being heard by the court in a single hearing (e.g., a request for special costs against an unrepresented litigant who does not comply with a court order). A written statement describing why a debtor owes money to a creditor, usually indicating the amount of money owed. (There is an official form for this.) a written request, in particular a written request for a position, membership or position In a civil case, in most cases, an application is made to: a judge`s instructions to the jury before it begins deliberations on the substantive questions to be answered and the legislation to be applied. This takes place after the expiry of the appeal period. The most important are an application for enforcement of a judgment on payment of a sum of money under Article 48(1)(a) and an action against the judgment under Article 48(1)(b) for the enforcement of an order or the award of damages. This may take the form of an informal letter to one of the judges, or it may be the service and presentation of a notice (or notice of application), which is an official document setting out the terms of the application. A form of discovery that consists of written questions that must be answered in writing and under oath. A court decision in a previous case with facts and points of law similar to a dispute currently pending in court. Judges generally «follow precedents,» that is, they use principles established in previous cases to decide new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedents if a party can prove that the previous case was ill-decided or that it differs significantly from the current case. Written statements submitted to the court outlining a party`s legal or factual allegations about the case.
A formal written statement by a defendant in a civil case that responds to a complaint and articulates the reasons for the defence. The legal power of a court to hear and decide a particular type of case. It is also used as a synonym for jurisdiction, i.e. the geographical area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to rule on cases. A written record of the proceedings in a case, including all pleadings, evidence and evidence presented during the proceedings. With respect to civil actions in «equity» and not in «law». In English legal history, courts of «law» could order the payment of damages and could offer no other remedy (see damages). A separate «fairness» tribunal could order someone to do something or stop something (e.g., injunction). In U.S. jurisprudence, federal courts have both legal and just power, but the distinction is always important.
For example, a jury trial is generally available in «legal cases,» but not in «fairness» cases. A lawsuit is a legal dispute between two or more parties in which one party, known as the plaintiff, accuses the other of wrongdoing and seeks action to remedy that wrongdoing. The defendant may apply to the court to dismiss or stay proceedings or to reimburse costs. This article explains the definition of «request» in court proceedings. The study of the law and the structure of the legal system A written statement filed in a judicial or appellate proceeding that explains a party`s legal and factual arguments. Written statement from a judge on the court`s decision. Since a case may be heard by three or more judges of the Court of Appeal, opinion may take various forms in appeal decisions. If all the judges agree fully on the outcome, one judge writes the opinion for all. If not all judges agree, the formal decision is based on the opinion of the majority, and a member of the majority will write the opinion. Judges who disagreed with the majority may formulate separate dissenting or concurring opinions to express their views. A dissenting opinion disagrees with the majority opinion because of the reasoning and/or legal principles used by the majority to decide the case.
A concurring opinion agrees with the majority opinion`s decision, but offers further comments or clarifications, or even a completely different reason for reaching the same conclusion. Only the majority opinion can serve as a binding precedent in future cases. See also previous. Jurisdiction of Federal Courts in Matters Concerning the Interpretation and Application of the U.S. Constitution, Acts of Congress, and Treaties. A written and verbatim record of what was said either in a proceeding such as a trial or in another formal conversation such as a hearing or oral testimony These are applications submitted pursuant to a judgment enforcing or setting aside judgments or orders which have already been made under Article 48, paragraph 1 of the Rules of Procedure of the Supreme Court (Chapter 4). or Article 48 of the consolidated order of the former Court of Justice. Non-insolvency proceedings in which an applicant or creditor attempts to submit its claim to a debtor`s future wages. In other words, the creditor requests that part of the debtor`s future salary be paid to him for a debt owed to him.