There are legal aid offices (also called legal counsel) in the United States. Legal aid organizations are non-profit organizations that provide free legal aid to people who cannot afford to hire a lawyer. While many legal aid centres only help people with very low incomes, some offices have more flexible income rules. Known as Patrocinio a spese dello Stato, legal aid is granted by Italian law DPR no. 115/2002 – article. 74–141. It aims to implement Article 24 of the Italian Constitution and to guarantee access to the rights of defence (in civil, administrative and criminal matters) for persons who cannot independently use the services of a lawyer because they are unable to pay them out of their income (less than €10,776.33 per inhabitant).  Who is entitled to independent counsel? The Constitution guarantees free legal aid to persons accused of a crime punishable by imprisonment and who cannot afford a lawyer. If you find yourself in this situation, ask for the appointment of a public defender at your first court appearance. When a court decides that someone is «destitute» — with little wealth and no funds to pay for a lawyer — usually either a private attorney is appointed by the court and paid with district funds, or a public defense attorney program is appointed to represent the person.
Some public defense programs are allowed to charge customers an «application fee,» though this is usually a small amount. Legal aid is actually provided by the provincial government, as part of the provincial government`s responsibility for the administration of justice.  For example, Legal Aid Ontario provides legal services to residents of Ontario, the Legal Services Society provides them to residents of British Columbia, and the Commission des services juridiques does the same in the province of Quebec. Throughout history, the Australian government established the Legal Services Offices in 1942 to develop a national system. In 1973, the Attorney General of the Whitlam Labor government, Lionel Murphy, established the Australian Legal Aid Bureau. Murphy recognized the urgent need for legal aid so that justice is equally accessible to all. Murphy acknowledged: «One of the main causes of inequality between citizens before the law is the lack of adequate and comprehensive mutual legal assistance arrangements in Australia. The Government`s ultimate objective is to ensure that legal aid is readily and fairly available to citizens throughout Australia, and that assistance is provided for litigation advice and assistance in all categories of law and before all courts. (Senator Lionel Murphy AO QC, Attorney General) The establishment of the Australian Legal Aid Office in 1973 was followed by the establishment of state legal aid commissions. These offices now provide most of the free or low-cost legal aid to those in need.  In 1977, the Australian government enacted the Commonwealth Legal Aid Commission Act 1977 (LAC Act), which established cooperative agreements between the Australian government and state and territory governments under which legal aid was provided by independent legal aid commissions to be established under state and territory law.
The process of creating the LAC took more than a decade. It began in 1976 with the establishment of the Western Australian Legal Aid Commission, followed the Victoria Legal Aid Commission (LACV) in 1978 and ended in 1990 with the establishment of the Tasmanian Legal Aid Commission. The cooperation agreements established by the Latin America and Caribbean Act provided for funding arrangements between the Commonwealth and the States and Territories in 1987. Legal aid is essential to ensure equal access to justice for all, as provided for in Article 6, paragraph 3, of the European Convention on Human Rights in criminal matters. In particular, for citizens who do not have sufficient financial resources, the provision of legal aid to clients by governments increases the likelihood that they will receive free or financial assistance from legal practitioners in court proceedings, free of charge or at a lower cost. If you can`t afford a lawyer, legal aid may be able to help you: This article is based on a «toolkit» that the Roundtable provides online for obtaining legal services. The toolkit provides ideas on how to educate people about civil legal aid and what it can do for them. Upsolve — Find free legal help to declare bankruptcy.
Keep in mind that Chapter 7 bankruptcy information remains on your credit file for 10 years. This can make it difficult to get loans, buy a home, get life insurance, or get a job. Learn more about bankruptcy and other options for dealing with debt. Most development legal aid services are provided by local organizations, human rights non-governmental organizations (NGOs) or are enshrined in constitutional laws by some Asian Governments. Immigration Legal Services — Search your state for free legal service providers. for persons in immigration procedures. LawHelp.org – Find free legal aid programs in your community. Here you will find information about your legal rights by topic, e.g.
housing, divorce, family allowances and debt collection. Contact your state`s consumer protection bureau for help resolving consumer issues. This office is often part of the Attorney General`s Office. Depending on the state and office, they can: Legal aid in criminal matters is generally provided by private law firms and lawyers in private practice. A limited number of defence lawyers are employed directly by the Legal Aid Agency in the offices of the Defence Service; They advise in police stations and plead before magistrates and Crown courts. Legal aid in civil matters is granted by lawyers and lawyers in private practice, but also by lawyers working in legal centres and non-profit counselling agencies. Legal aid boards use a mixed model to provide legal representation. Legal representation may be entrusted to an in-house in-house lawyer or referred to a private lawyer. The blended model is particularly advantageous for providing services to clients in regional jurisdictions and in cases where a conflict of interest means that the same lawyer cannot represent both parties. In July 2004, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that the lack of legal aid in defamation cases, as was the case under the Legal Aid Act 1988 in force at the time of the McLibel case, could violate the rights of an accused. The Access to Justice Act 1999 contains exceptional funding provisions allowing the Lord Chancellor to authorise the funding of legal aid in cases which otherwise fall outside the scope of the legal aid scheme.
A defendant in a similar situation to the McLibel defendant could potentially obtain legal aid if the application met the exceptional funding criteria. Although legal aid aims to create greater equity in legal practice, according to a 1985 article, the quality or social impact of the assistance provided is often limited in quality or social impact by economic constraints that determine who has access to these services and where the above-mentioned services are geographically located.  Armed Forces Legal Assistance — Find nearby military facilities with legal aid offices.